COUNCIL OFBrussels, 14 March 2008
THE EUROPEAN UNION
STATIS 36 COMPET 101 UD 45 CODEC 360
to: Working Party on Statistics
on.: 27 March 2008
Subject: Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95
Delegations will find attached a Presidency note and a Presidency compromise text on the above
1.As a result from the Working Party on Statistics meeting of 15 January 2008 and the first
exchange of views with the EP rapporteur, delegations will find attached a Presidency
compromise text on the above mentioned proposal , to be discussed on 27 March 2008.
2.At the meeting with the Presidency and the Commission, the EP rapporteur requested more
specifications on particular articles in order to have more transparent provisions and to limit
the implementing powers conferred on the Commission. Therefore, the compromise text
attempts to propose some wording in this direction (Articles 3 and 6).
3.Changes made compared to the original Commission proposal are mainly the following:
-more specifications are given regarding specific goods or movements in Article 3(3),
certain excluded goods or movements in Article 3(4), compilation of data according to
business characteristics in Article 6(2) and publication of sensitive data at the
Community level in Article 10(2);
-implementing provisions are deleted from Article 6(4) (consequently, any additional
Commission's requirements for statistics apart from those listed in Article 6 shall be
-Article 6(5) is amended in such a way that Member States shall provide the listed
statistics also in the case the data can be deducted from other customs data. The sharing
of this information might help Member States to produce statistics by Member State
of final destination/actual export during the transitional period;
-responsibilities of institutions for data exchange are specified in Article 7(2);
-reference to the Regulation 1588/90 is added in recital (10a);
-all comitology provisions are redrafted to adapt to the new standard wording;
-the use of 'information' and 'data' was reconsidered and changed wherever necessary;
-the starting date for the application of the regulation is changed to 1 January 2010.
4.With respect to the original Commission's proposal, changes are marked as follows:
-additions are indicated by bold and underlined;
REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing
Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 285 (1) thereof,
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,
Having regard to the opinion of the European Central Bank,
Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty,
(1) The statistical information on Member States' trade flows with non-member countries is of essential importance for the Community's economic and trade policies and for analysing market developments for individual commodities. The transparency of the statistical system should be improved in order for it to be able to react to the changing administrative environment, and to satisfy new user requirements.
Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 of
22 May 1995 on the statistics relating to the trading of goods by the Community and its Member States with non-member countries
(2) External trade statistics are based on [...] data obtained from customs declarations as provided for in Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code
2, hereinafter referred to as the 'Customs Code'. Progress in
European integration and the resulting changes in customs clearance, including single authorisations for the use of the simplified declaration or the local clearance procedure, as well as centralised clearance, which will emanate from the current process of modernisation of the Customs Code, make it necessary to adjust the way external trade statistics are compiled, to reconsider the concept of the importing or exporting Member State, and to define more precisely the data source for compiling Community statistics.
(3) In order to record the physical trade flow of goods between Member States and non-member countries and to ensure that [...] data on imports and exports is available in the Member State concerned, arrangements between Customs and statistical authorities are necessary and have to be specified. This includes rules on the exchange of data between Member States' administrations.
(4) In order to allocate EU exports and imports to a given Member State, it is necessary to compile [...] data on the `Member State of final destination', for imports, and the 'Member State of actual export', for exports. In the medium term, those Member States should become the importing and the exporting Member State for external trade statistics purposes.
(5) For the purpose of this Regulation commodities for external trade purposes should be classified in accordance with the 'Combined Nomenclature' established by Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff
3, hereinafter referred to as the 'Combined Nomenclature'.
(6) To meet the European Central Bank's and the Commission's need for information on the share of the euro in international merchandise trade, the invoicing currency of exports and imports should be reported at an aggregated level.
(7) For the purposes of trade negotiations and internal market management, the Commission should be provided with detailed [...] information on the tariff treatment of goods imported into the European Union, including information on quotas.
(8a) Member States' statistics on customs warehouses and free zones are not subject of harmonised provisions. However, the compilation for national purposes of these statistics remains optional.
(9) Member States should provide Eurostat with annual aggregated data on trade broken down by business characteristics, one of the uses of which is to facilitate analysis of how European companies operate in the context of globalisation. The link between business and trade statistics is established by merging [...] data on the importer and the exporter available on the customs declaration with [...] data requested by [...] Council Regulation (EEC) No 177/2008 of 20 February 2008 establishing a common framework for business registers for statistical purposes and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) N° 2186/93
hereinafter referred to as 'Business Register legislation'.
(10) Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 of 17 February 19975 on Community Statistics provides
a reference framework for the provisions laid down in this Regulation. However, the very detailed level of information on trade in goods requires specific confidentiality rules if these statistics are to be relevant.
(10a) The transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality is governed by the rules
set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 and in Council Regulation (Euratom, EEC) No 1588/90 of 11 June 1990 on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Measures which are taken in accordance with those Regulations ensure the physical and logical protection of confidential data and ensure that no unlawful disclosure and non- statistical use occur when Community statistics are produced and disseminated.
(11) In the production and dissemination of Community statistics under this Regulation, the national and Community statistical authorities should take account of the principles set out in the European Statistics Code of Practice, which was adopted by the Statistical Programme Committee on 24 February 2005 and appended to the Commission Recommendation of 25 May 2005 on the independence, integrity and accountability of the national and Community statistical authorities.
(13) Since the objective of this Regulation cannot be achieved by the Member States and can be better achieved at Community level, the Community may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is required to achieve this objective.
(14) The measures necessary for implementing this Regulation should be adopted in accordance with Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999
6 laying down the procedures for the
exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission.
(15) In particular [...] the Commission should be empowered to [...] adapt the list of customs procedures or customs approved treatment or use which determine an export or import for external trade statistics, to adopt different or specific rules for goods or movements which, for methodological reasons, call for specific provisions, to adapt the list of goods and movements excluded from external trade statistics, to specify the data sources other than the customs declaration for records on import and exports of specific goods or movements, to specify the statistical data, including the codes to be used, to establish requirements for data related to specific goods or movements, to establish requirements on the compilation of statistics, to specify characteristics of samples, establish the reporting period and the level of aggregation for partner countries, commodities and currencies as well as to adapt the deadline for transmitting statistics, content, coverage and revision conditions for statistics already transmitted and to establish the deadline for transmitting statistics on detail trade by business characteristics and statistics on trade broken down by invoicing currency [...]. Since those measures are of general scope and are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, inter alia by supplementing it [...] with new non-essential elements, they [...] must be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny provided for in Article 5a of Decision 1999/468/EC.
For the purpose of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:
(a) 'goods' means all movable property, including electricity;
(b) 'statistical territory of the Community' means the customs territory of the Community as defined in the Customs Code with the addition of the island of Heligoland in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany;
(c) `national statistical authorities' means the national statistical institutes and other bodies responsible in each Member State for producing Community external trade statistics;
(d) `Customs authorities' means the 'customs authorities' as defined in the Customs Code;
(e) 'customs declaration' means the 'customs declaration' as defined in the Customs Code;
(f) 'decision by Customs' means any official act by Customs authorities relating to accepted customs declarations and having legal effect on one or more persons.
1.External trade statistics shall record imports and exports of goods.
An export shall be recorded by Member States when goods leave the statistical territory of the Community according to one of the following customs procedures or customs- approved treatment or use, laid down in the Customs Code:
(e) inward processing;
(f) processing under customs control.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation relating to the adaptation of the list of customs procedures or customs-approved treatment or use referred to in paragraph 1 in order to take into account changes in the Customs Code or provisions deriving from international conventions shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
For methodological reasons, certain goods or movements call for specific provisions ('specific goods or movements'). This concerns industrial plants, vessels and aircraft, sea products, goods delivered to vessels and aircraft, staggered consignments, military goods, goods to or from offshore installations, spacecraft and waste products.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation inter alia by supplementing it, relating to specific goods and movements and to different or specific provisions applicable to them, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
For methodological reasons, certain goods or movements shall be excluded from external trade statistics. This concerns monetary gold and means of payment which are legal tender, goods because of the diplomatic or similar nature of their intended used, goods movements between the importing and exporting Member State and their national armed forces stationed abroad, particular goods which are not the subject of a commercial transaction, movements of satellite launchers before their launching, goods declared orally to customs as far as their value is not exceeding 1000 EUR or 1000 kilograms in net mass is not exceeded (statistical threshold).
1.The data source for records on the imports and exports of goods referred to in Article 3(1) shall be the customs declaration, including possible amendments or changes to statistical data resulting from decisions by Customs authorities pertaining to it.
Where a simplified procedure as defined in the Customs Code is used and a supplementary declaration is furnished, the data source for records shall be this supplementary declaration.
For specific goods or movements as referred to in Article 3(3), data sources other than the customs declaration can be used.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation inter alia by supplementing it, relating to the specification of these other data sources, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
3a. Member States may continue to use other data sources for the compilation of national statistics than those defined in paragraphs 1 and 3 until a mechanism for mutual exchange of the relevant data by electronic means as referred to in Article 7(3) is in place. However, the compilation of Community external trade statistics according to Article 6 should not be based on those other data sources.
(d) the quantity expressed in net mass and in a supplementary unit when indicated on the customs declaration;
(e) the trader, including trader identification number, being the importer/consignee on import and the exporter/consignor on export;
(f) the importing or exporting Member States, being the Member State where the customs declaration is lodged and when indicated on the customs
(i) on import, the Member States of final destination;
(ii) on export, the Member States of actual export;
(g) the partner countries, that is on imports, the country of origin and the country of consignment/dispatch, and on export, the country of destination;
(h) the commodity according to the Combined Nomenclature being:
(i) on import, the goods code of the Taric subheading;
(ii) on export, the goods code of the Combined Nomenclature
(i) the customs procedure codes to be used for deriving the statistical procedure;
(j) the nature of transaction when indicated on the customs declaration;
(k) if granted, the tariff treatment on import held by Customs authorities, that is the preferential code and the order number of the quota;
3.When not otherwise stated and without prejudice to customs legislation, the data shall be contained in the customs declaration.
For 'specific goods or movements' as referred to in Article 3(3), limited sets of data may be required.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation by supplementing it, relating to these limited sets of data, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
Compilation of external trade statistics
1.Member States shall compile for each monthly reference period statistics on imports and exports of goods expressed in value and quantity by:
(o) importing/exporting Member States;
(p) partner countries;
(q) statistical procedure;
(r) nature of transaction;
(s) tariff treatment, on import;
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation by supplementing it, relating to the linking of the data and these statistics to be compiled, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
3.Every two years Member States shall compile statistics on trade broken down by invoicing currency.
Member States shall compile the statistics using a representative sample of records on imports and exports from customs declarations which contain the data on the invoicing currency. If the invoicing currency for exports is not available on the customs declaration, a survey shall be carried out to collect the required data.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this regulation inter alia by supplementing it, relating to the characteristics of the sample, the reporting period and the level of aggregation for partner countries, commodities and currencies shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
4.The compilation by Member States of additional statistics [...] for national purposes may be determined when the data are available on the customs declaration.
5.Member States shall not be obliged to compile and transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) external trade statistics on statistical data which, by virtue of the Customs Code or national instructions, are not yet [...] recorded on the customs declaration lodged at their Customs authorities or can not be deducted from other customs data. The following data are concerned.
1.Without delay and at the latest during the month following the month the customs declarations were accepted or were subject to customs decisions pertaining to them, national statistical authorities shall obtain from their national Customs authority the records on import and export based on the declarations which are lodged with or furnished
to that authority.
The records shall contain at least those statistical data listed in Article 5 which are, according to the Customs Code or national instructions, available on the customs declaration.
2.Member States shall ensure that records on imports and exports which are based on a customs declaration lodged at their national Customs authority are transmitted without delay from the said Customs authority to the [...] Customs authority of the Member State which is indicated on the record as:
(x) the Member State of final destination, on import
(y) the Member State of actual export, on export
Within a Member State, the data received by the national Customs authority shall be transmitted to the national statistical authority as provided for in Article 7(1).
3.A Member State shall not be required by Article 7(2) to transmit records on imports and exports to another Member State until the Customs authorities in those Member States have established a mechanism for mutual exchange of the relevant data by electronic means.
Member States shall transmit updated statistics when statistics already transmitted are subject to revisions.
Member States shall include in the results transmitted to the Commission (Eurostat) any statistical information which is confidential.
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, inter alia by supplementing it, relating to the adaptation of the deadline, content, coverage and revisions shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
The measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, relating to the deadline for transmitting statistics on trade by business characteristics referred to in Article 6(2) and statistics on trade broken down by invoicing currency referred to in Article 6(3) shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 11(3).
3.Member States shall transmit the statistics in electronic form, in accordance with an
interchange standard. The practical arrangements for the transmission of the results may be determined in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 11(2).
(dd) 'accessibility' and 'clarity' refer to the conditions and modalities by which
users can obtain, use and interpret data;
(ee) 'comparability' refers to the impact of differences in applied statistical concepts and measurement tools and procedures when statistics are compared between geographical areas, sectoral domains or over time;
(ff) 'coherence' refers to the suitability of the data for being reliably combined in different ways and for various uses.
2.Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with a report on the quality of the statistics transmitted every year.
3.In applying the quality dimensions laid down in paragraph 1 to the statistics covered by this Regulation, the modalities and structure [...] of the quality reports shall be defined in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 11(2).
The Commission (Eurostat) shall assess the quality of the statistics transmitted.
Dissemination of external trade statistics
1.At the Community level, external trade statistics compiled in accordance with Article 6(1) and transmitted by the Member States shall be disseminated by the Commission (Eurostat) by Combined Nomenclature subheading at least.
Only where an importer or exporter so requests shall the national authorities of a given Member State decide whether such statistics of that State which may make it possible to identify the said importer or exporter are to be disseminated or are to be amended in such a way that their dissemination does not prejudice statistical confidentiality.
1.The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee for external trade statistics.
2.Where reference is made to this paragraph, Articles 5 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof. The period laid down in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at three months.
3.Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5a (1) to (4), and Article 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.
Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 is repealed with effect from 1 January [...] 2010.
It shall continue to apply to data pertaining to reference periods before 1 January [...] 2010.
Entry into force
This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
It shall apply as from 1 January [...] 2010.
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.